From the observation in mind that the cases that occur in humans is very rare, but from who ever found the same symptoms as symptoms of severe respiratory illness. One early case was a veterinarian and staff who handle a horse farm (in Australia) which was then the horse sick and infect humans.
Hendra virus is a member of the family Paramyxoviridae, genus Henipavirus which has two members, namely Hendra virus and Nipah virus. Hendra virus was first isolated in September 1994 from specimens obtained during an outbreak of respiratory and neurological disease in horses and humans in Hendra, a suburb of Brisbane, Australia.
Disseminators of the virus in nature is of the genus Pteropus bats are found in Australia. Hendra virus causes disease in horses in Australia. Infection in humans occurs because of exposure to secretions from infected horses Hendra virus.
Laboratory tests that can be used to diagnose Hendra virus antibody test is the ELISA (IgG and IgM), RT-PCR) and virus isolation. This disease can be prevented, by avoiding infected animals with Hendra virus and use personal protective equipment will be safe when in contact with animals suspected of being potentially infected. To treat it, Ribavirin proven effective against the virus in vitro.
In Australia, in horses sporadic cases continue to occur, but the number of such cases are not a lot. Infection in humans is very rare, but human infections have occurred from 1996 to 2007. (ARE / Ulf)
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