Cancer

Carcinoma of the Pancreas


Description

Pancreatic carcinoma is cancer of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer tends to be experienced men than women. The risk increases with age a man.

Cause

The cause of this cancer is unknown, but is more common in smokers and in people who are obese. Nearly a third of cases of pancreatic cancer due to smoking.

Health experts are still debating whether to type 2 diabetes is a risk factor for pancreatic cancer. Another fact, a small number of cases of pancreatic carcinoma syndrome associated with inherited through family.

Symptom

  • Stomachache
  • Backache
  • Depression
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Jaundice
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pale
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss.

Treatment

At the time of diagnosis, only about 20% of pancreatic tumors can be removed with surgery. Standard procedure called pancreaticoduodenectomy (Whipple procedure).

This operation should be performed in hospitals that have experience doing this type of surgery. Several studies indicate that surgery is best performed at hospitals that perform surgery at least nine times as many kinds of operations per year.

When the tumor is confined to the pancreas but can not be removed, generally do a combination of radiation therapy and chemotherapy. If the tumor has spread (metastasized) to other organs like the liver, chemotherapy alone is usually used. Standard chemotherapy drug is gemcitabine, but other drugs may be used. Gemcitabine can help approximately 25% of patients.

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