Medullary thyroid carcinoma is a cancer of the thyroid gland that starts from cells that release a hormone called calcitonin. Such cells are called cell “C”.
The cause is unknown. Unlike other types of thyroid cancer, medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is believed to be associated with radiation therapy (a type of cancer treatment).
Among other symptoms, respiratory problems due to narrowing of the airways, coughing, coughing up blood, diarrhea, goiter, a lump in the thyroid gland.
Treatment involves surgery to remove the thyroid gland and surrounding lymph nodes. Because this is a rare tumor, surgery should be performed by a surgeon who has cancer experts.
Chemotherapy and radiation do not work well for this type of cancer. Radiation is used in some Patients after surgery. Radiation is used in some patients after surgery. According to data from UMM, now there are a number of new treatments for the disease being studied.