Lymphoma cancer or cancer of the lymph node is cancer of the lymphatic system (lymph nodes, thymus gland, spleen and bone marrow). American Cancer Society says there are two types of lymphoma, ie Hodgkin’s lymphoma (Hodgkin’s disease) and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma begins in the lymphatic system in which the tumor develops from a type of white blood cells called lymphocytes (both T-cell or cell-B). Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is much more common that Hodgkin’s disease.
While Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a cancer of the immune system characterized by the presence of a type of cell called the Reed-Sternberg cells (giant cells are usually derived from B lymphocytes).
Scientists do not know exactly what causes lymphoma, but has identified several potential risk factors, namely genetic (inherited from family members) and are often exposed to carcinogens such as certain pesticides, herbicides and solvents such as benzene, some hair dye and free radicals.
Patients with Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma have swollen lymph nodes, weight loss, abdominal pain or swelling, night sweats, fever and chronic fatigue. Some individuals also experience chest pain, difficulty breathing, extremely itchy skin, lack of appetite.
If the lymphoma is likely to grow slowly, your doctor may suggest a wait and see approach before deciding on a treatment plan. In the case of cancer therapy can sometimes be delayed for at least one year.
In most cases of lymphoma and non-Hodgkins lymphoma, treatment options are chemotherapy, radiation and some membutukan stem cell transplantation (stem cell).